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Segesta ......in order to more know some

         

         On the origin of Segesta and of population is known very little and various they are the legends that speak about its foundation.Virgilio imagines it founded from Enea, that it gave to the name of Aceste king of Erice, in order to leave the Troiani you that they did not want more to follow it in its enterprise. 

         An other legend reaches from the Eneide attributing the foundation to Aceste, son of the fluvial God Crinito and the troiana Acesta, than you it would have transferred the troiani shelters to Erice and finally the last one to you, of origin elima, where Enea dedicates the city to pleasing the Egesta nymph for the received hospitality.

         Of sure Segesta it soon became important economically and strategically, the latter thanks to its special position among all the Punic towns on the norterm and western coasts.

         It was the eternal enemy of Selinunte (Sicilian Diodoro reports of a first crash between the two cities in the 576 a.C.) and in 409 its people asked for the Carthaginians, and attack and destroyed Selinunte. 

         But the friendship with Cartagine triggered ire of Dionisio II, the tyrant of Siracusa, that it besieged the city in the 397 to C., while in the 307 a.C., with the siracusano Agatocle, Segesta came destroyed and to its inhabitants, as Diodoro tells, endured the most atrocious tortures.

Finished "the punishment" Agatocle founded the city calling it Diceopoli that is "city of the justice" or "the punishment".

Under the Romans Segestas it was between the first sicialian cities to support Rome, in virtue of common descendancys from the "just one figliuol of Anchise", and that the been worth ones I ighten it of the taxes, the allocation of goes territories to you and the declaration of civitas immunis et libera.  

With the fall of the Roman and the invasions of the Vandali, of the Saraceni and various earthquakes they marked the passing of Segesta that only remained famous for the Temple and the theatre.

         The temple 

        On the slopes of the Monte Barbaro is situated the temple, going back to V the century a.C., built up the with rule of the dorica architecture and is constituted from one stilobate (base) to three steps, from columns with fluted high 9,36 meters, six on the forehead and fourteen on sides, distant between they 2,40 meters whose stalk is composed from 10/12 "rocchi".

Segesta temple

To the aim to correct optical illusions the columns introduce a light swlling, found refinement also in Leaving some of Atene. 

In the upper part there is architrave and fregio with of the eardrums on the forehead, it is to uncovered sky lacking in cell of the divinity and lacks some finishing touch which the blocks the steps, it does not chisel to you, and the abachi (elements of square shape on which it rests the architrave) turn out incomplete.

It is unfinished: the columns were never fluted, and there is no sign of the rof or the cella. Since Greek temples were built from the inside towards the outside, this belies the hypothesis of the temple having remained incomplete for some mysterious reason.

Hence we are led to believe that it was a pseudo-templar peristyle, built to confer prestige on a local cult. 
 

The theatre  

        The theatre is situated to approximately 400 meters s.l.m. on the slope northern of the BarbaroMount and, to difference of the other buildings of this type, it is turned towards north probably in order to enjoy the wonderful panorama that embraces the sea and the mounts Erice, Bonifato and Inici. 

        The theatre was founded in the fifth century and was rebuilt in the Hellenistic period. The stands for the spectators, with a diameter of 63 metres delimited from a sturdy wall of control, is constituted from twenty gradinate dug in the cliff and shared in seven digradanti wedges towards the orchestra to shape of U.

        This last one was equipped of a underground passage that concurred with the actors to appear without warning on the scene. 

The scene, unfortunately reached the days our cripple, was constituted from a sontuoso building to two plans delimited from two lateral walls adorns to you with figures of decorated Pan and, in the front part, from two telamoni.

 

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Up to date : 10 Jamuary 2011

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